The History Of Republicans

The Republican Party, also known as GOP (Grand Old Party), is one of two major political parties. It was created in 1854 as an alliance opposing the continuation of slavery into Western territories; they fought to protect the rights of African Americans after the civil war. The Republican Party, as of now, is generally socially conservative and favors small government, lower taxes, less regulation and less federal intervention in the economy. From Abraham Lincoln to Donald Trump, Republicans have changed their goals and motives, and, of course, their supporters changed— Lincoln fought to free slaves while Trump is fighting to enslave illegal immigrants. Nevertheless, both had their reasons and only did what they thought was best for the United States. For time’s sake, I will touch on only the more significant events that shaped the Republicans into who they are today.

According to history.com, in the 1860 election, a split between Southern and Northern Democrats over slavery led the Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln to victory. Before Lincoln was inaugurated, seven Southern states seceded from the Union, becoming the cause of the Civil War. He announced the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, and by the end of the war, the Republicans in Congress initiated the 13th Amendment, meaning slavery was abolished. 

After the Civil War, Republicans became increasingly associated with big business and financial interests in the North. Because of this, by the early 20th century, it was seen as an upper-class party. Republicans benefited from the success of the 1920s. Then the stock market crashed in 1929, and many Americans blamed them for the catastrophe and despised the Republicans’ resistance to using direct government to help people. This frustration allowed Franklin D. Roosevelt (a Democrat) to easily defeat Herbert Hoover (a Republican) in 1932.

At a later time, the South saw a crucial political change starting after World War II: Many whites from the South switched to the Republican party because of their opposition to big government and Democratic support for civil rights. Meanwhile, many black voters began voting for Democratic policies after the Depression and the New Deal. In other words, the supporters of both parties switched to the other side. 

By the 1980s, the Republican party began resembling the one we know today. The rise of Hispanic immigration, both legal and illegal, led the Democrats to support them while the Republicans opposed them. This becomes noticeable when in 2012, the majority of Hispanic voters vote for Barack Obama, the Democratic president, over Mitt Romney. As a result, for fear of losing future elections, the Republicans collaborated with the Democrats to create a bill that would allow illegal immigrants a way to attain legal status. The action displeased the supporters of Republicans and began losing trust for the Republican party, thus creating an opportunity for an outsider businessman to win over the people on the Republican side as he represented the resentment and mistrust of the party elites. In the end, Donald Trump, the outsider businessman, won the election and became the latest Republican to become the president of the United States

Although the tides have turned for the Republican Party as of now, that’s not to say they will see definite success in the future. As new issues arise, it’s their job, as one of the major political parties, to find solutions to see it through to the end.